The most frequently used drugs in bodybuilding include amphetamines, cocaine, and related substances.
Despite their danger when used in sports, such substances are quite popular. But they are classified as drugs because of the euphoria they cause, and this will necessarily lead to addiction. As a consequence of their admission, there are such side effects as psychotic reactions, irritability and hallucinations.
Taking high doses (overdose) leads to neuromuscular blockage and death.
Also, such side effects of such substances include:
- problems with falling asleep,
- increased heart rate,
- severe sweating,
- difficulty with urination,
- increased blood pressure,
- dilated pupils,
- dry mouth,
- increased blood sugar (this is fraught with diabetes),
- abnormal increase in muscle tone,
- increased blood coagulability,
- overload of adrenals,
But the last part more likely refers to the symptoms, which eventually will turn into more serious diseases.
Synthetic anabolic androgenic steroids
Anabolic steroids are substances that are related structures of the male sex hormone testosterone. Usually, this hormone is used for painful conditions, the result of which is the loss of muscle tissue.
But when you stop taking steroids, the opposite effect comes, which looks like weight loss. This is certainly nothing, but the main danger is that a man with normal testosterone production, taking anabolic steroids, reduces, and with prolonged admission, can completely stop the production of male hormones in his body.
In addition, androgens cause many other side effects, which, acting at the hormonal level, eventually lead to testicular atrophy. This is called the effect of sterility, that is, infertility.
As an option, sometimes in the body formed a lower level of hormone production. In this case, there is a long-term impotence.
From the action of anabolic steroids, the prostate gland, increasing in size, makes it difficult to urinate and drain. There are pains in the back and pelvic region, there is blood in the urine.
Also from the action of steroids are affected by the kidneys. Violated calcium metabolism, and as a consequence – the formation of calculous stones in the kidneys.
Steroids and the cardiovascular system are affected. After a short reception time, the blood pressure rises, the process of decreasing high density lipoproteins in the blood begins, and this causes the risk of cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, heart attacks, hemorrhages or vascular rupture under stress.
As a result of toxic effects, liver damage can occur. Although the same sensitivity results in increased sensitivity, which occurs for the same reasons. But, anyway, this leads to a weakening of the liver, which can subsequently lead to hepatitis, all kinds of tumors that later develop into cancer.
Also, the usual consequences include stagnation of bile, degeneration of liver cells (this is when liver cells replace the blood-filled cavities in the liver). Also, steroids help the growth of tumors.
With intensive training, the heart muscle should be given no less than 2 days of rest per week.
The onset of a liver function disorder can be determined by such signs:
- Atrophy or an increase in the proportion of the liver.
- Increased density or nodular formation.
- Painful sensations when pressing and releasing.
- Discoloration of feces.
- Pain when coughing and movements in the abdominal cavity, which are usually palpable in the upper right corner of the abdomen.
- Redness of the palms and appearance of spots on the skin.
- Swelling of fingertips at the base of the nails.
- Change in the mental state or neurological function.
Due to the use of steroids in the body, an excessive amount of testosterone is formed. And excessive testosterone, which the body can not cope with turns into estrogen.
Bodybuilding rejects drugs
Estrogen is a female hormone and in men its excess leads to the formation of female tissues. This is especially true of the chest. The effect of forming a female breast in men is called gynecomastia.
In athletes who have not reached the age of 20, anabolic steroids often cause the closure of bone growth zones and prevent their growth in length. This process is irreversible.
At women at reception of anabolic steroids the strengthening of signs of the masculine beginning begins:
- Rough voice, clearly distinguishable bass notes.
- Strengthening hair growth and distribution of them by the male type, in particular and on the face.
- Hair loss on the head before baldness, as in men.
- Menstrual cycle is broken.
- Breast reduction.
- Clitoral hypertrophy, which is irreversible. The effect lasts a while even after the steroid intake is complete.
As the secretion of skin sebaceous glands increases, large blackheads appear throughout the body, leading to scars on the skin of the body and face.
There are also psychogenic effects as a result of taking steroids. A person becomes very aggressive. This effect in the 80’s was called the effect of steroid rage. Such a person becomes emotionally unstable.
After stopping the use of steroids, acute depression occurs, rapidly progressing.
Also, the use of growth hormone is becoming more popular. It is a drug that prevents dwarfism in children. And this is also doping, moreover, quite serious. Its risk is that the athlete’s body is supplied to them in excess, which leads to acromegaly. This is an abnormal increase in brushes, feet, ears, nose and chin protrusion.
The facial features after the excess of the drug are rounded, the lips, tongue, and soft facial tissues increase. Also, the effect of increasing the orbital ridges and frontal sinuses can be observed, which leads to the protrusion of the forehead. The fingers and toes are extended, becoming the shape of scapulae. Also there is a strong sweating, an increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands, and a sharpening of the pigmentation of the skin. The growth of cartilage and soft tissues, negatively acting on the formed joints, begins, which begin to ache strongly.
The growth of internal organs also begins. And this leads to congestive heart failure. There is a risk of diabetes. Athletes taking drugs containing growth hormone, you should know that they are quite expensive, and most of them are fakes. There is always a risk of acquiring chemically contaminated drugs that may contain corpse venom.